luxuriant, luxurious
These two words, both connected with the word luxury (in turn derived from the Latin word luxus meaning ‘abundance’), have got in each other's way since the 17c. Nonetheless, their meanings are distinct, as R. M. Ballantyne recognized in two uses in his Coral Island (1858): The trees and bushes were very luxuriant / Altogether this was the most luxurious supper we had enjoyed for many a day. Essentially, luxurious, the more general word, means ‘rich or abundant in luxuries or comforts’ whereas luxuriant has the specific meaning ‘rich or abundant in foliage or vegetation’.

Modern English usage. 2014.

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  • luxuriant — luxuriant, iante [ lyksyrjɑ̃, jɑ̃t ] adj. • 1540; lat. luxurians, p. prés. de luxuriare 1 ♦ Qui pousse, se développe avec une remarquable abondance. ⇒ abondant, surabondant. « La végétation était si luxuriante que l on avait peine à passer » (A.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • luxuriant — LUXURIÁNT, Ă, luxurianţi, te, adj. (Despre vegetaţie) Extrem de abundent. [pr.: ri ant] – Din fr. luxuriant, lat. luxurians, ntis. Trimis de ana zecheru, 26.03.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  luxuriánt adj. m. (sil. ri ant), pl. luxuriánţi; …   Dicționar Român

  • Luxuriant — Lux*u ri*ant, a. [L. luxurians, p. pr. of luxuriare: cf. F. luxuriant. See {Luxuriate}.] 1. Exuberant in growth; rank; excessive; profuse; very abundant; as, a luxuriant growth of grass; luxuriant foliage. [1913 Webster] Prune the luxuriant, the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • luxuriant — luxuriant, ante (lu ksu ri an, an t ) adj. Qui se produit avec luxe, avec surabondance. •   Luxuriant est une expression latine qui se dit proprement d un luxe de végétation, et, par suite, de toute espèce d abondance, PASC. Pens. XXV, Rem. Fragm …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • luxuriant — [lug zhoor′ē ənt, luk shoor′ē ənt] adj. [L luxurians, prp. of luxuriare: see LUXURIATE] 1. Rare very productive; fertile [luxuriant soil] 2. growing with vigor and in great abundance; lush; teeming 3. characterized by richness and extravagance,… …   English World dictionary

  • luxuriant — (adj.) 1530s, from M.Fr. luxuriant and directly from L. luxuriantem (nom. luxurians), prp. of luxuriare have to excess, grow profusely (see LUXURIATE (Cf. luxuriate)). Related: Luxuriantly …   Etymology dictionary

  • luxuriant — index copious, fertile, productive, profuse, superfluous, wanton Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • luxuriant — lush, exuberant, *profuse, lavish, prodigal Analogous words: fruitful, fecund, *fertile, prolific: *rank, rampant: abounding or abundant, teeming (see corresponding verbs at TEEM) Contrasted words: barren, *sterile, unfruitful, infertile: * …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • luxuriant — [adj] profuse, plush abundant, ample, copious, deluxe, dense, elaborate, excessive, extravagant, exuberant, fancy, fecund, fertile, flamboyant, flourishing, fruitful, lavish, luscious, lush, opulent, overflowing, palatial, plenteous, plentiful,… …   New thesaurus

  • luxuriant — ► ADJECTIVE 1) (of vegetation) rich and profuse in growth. 2) (of hair) thick and healthy. DERIVATIVES luxuriance noun luxuriantly adverb. ORIGIN from Latin luxuriare grow rankly , from luxuria luxury, rankness …   English terms dictionary

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